piranha

Pygocentrus palometa

Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1850

Historical names:
Pygocentrus palometa
Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome vingt-deuxieme. Suite du livre vingt-deuxieme. Suite de la famille des Salmonoides. Table generale de l'Histoire Naturelle des Poissons (pp. 1-91). Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 22: i-xx + 1 p. + 1-532 + 1-91, Pls. 634-650. No types known.

Locality:
Rio Apure, Rio Guerico, Lower Rio Orinoco, Venezuela.

Remark:
No types known, listed valid as Pygocentrus palometa Valenciennes 1850 but a nomen dubium

Translation of original description (not to be taken accurate):
Palometa from Rio Apure
a wide and laterally compressed body; arched dorsal profile; the mouth is extremely small; the eyes are very large; the dorsal profile disk-shaped as oppsed to the ventral; the pectoral and pelvic fins are very small; forked tail; belly with sharp serration. Posterior of the serration, extending up to 2/3 of the body, begins a long anal fin. Teeth are very sharp in both jaws. Small, silvery scales; No humeral spot.

Credit and references:

  • Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome vingt-deuxieme. Suite du livre vingt-deuxieme. Suite de la famille des Salmonoides. Table generale de l'Histoire Naturelle des Poissons (pp. 1-91). Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 22: i-xx + 1 p. + 1-532 + 1-91, Pls. 634-650. - Cuvier, G. and A. Valenciennes 1850
  • Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. CLOFFSCA. Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. CLOFFSCA. 2003: i-xi + 1-729. - Reis, R. E. , S. O. Kullander, and C. J. Ferraris, Jr. 2003
  • CAS





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